Significance of the Month of Muharram

The month of Muharram is considered as one of the most special and sacred months of the Islamic lunar calendar and during this time, warfare is strictly forbidden. For Muslims, it is the second holiest month of the year, after Ramadan. According to the Quran, Allah says that Muslims should stay away from doing anything wrong during the sacred months. They must refrain from any kind of evil activity because the punishment against them could increase drastically. Muslims are also bound to do every small good deed in this sacred month and fasting during this month is considered very pure because “the best of fasting after Ramadan is fasting Allah’s month of Muharram”.During this time, Shia and Sunni Muslims mourn and lament the passing away of Husayn Ibn Ali and his family. They pay homage and honor to the martyrs by praying and staying away from joyful events.

month of Muharram

How is the month of Muharram celebrated?

Muharram is an essential Islamic festival. It is celebrated to remember and mourn the martyrdom of the great Hazrat Imam Hussain by the Shia Muslims. They start mourning from the very first night of Muharram and then continue it for around 2 months and 8 days. The starting ten days of this festival are considered as very important. The Muslim community drape themselves in black clothes on the opening day of Muharram and then starts praying. The black color is a symbol of grieving for them. On the tenth day of the festival, Shias go out on streets in organized processions. They walk on the roads barefoot and sing loud to mourn for Imam Hussain.

The festival is celebrated with great fervor in many parts of our country such as Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Kerala. These three states grandly celebrate the festival and Muslims as well Hindus take part in it in huge numbers. These states will show the real beauty and elegance of this festival.

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month of Muharram

Historical Significance

According to the popular belief amongst the Shia Muslim community, Husayn Ibn Ali was beheaded while he was fighting in the Battle of Karbala on the tenth day of the month of Muharram. Husayn Ibn Ali is considered a very respectable figure in the Islamic religion. He is known to be a part of Muhammad’s household. It is said that during the reign of Yazid, Husayn Ali refused to obey the Islamic rules and regulations that were propelled by Yazid. He instead decided to go against the ruler and this led to the infamous uprising, the Battle of Karbala in which Husayn was beheaded and his family was imprisoned.

On the other hand, Sunni Muslims believe that on the tenth day of the month of Muharram, Moses got victory over Egyptian Pharaohs. So different Muslim communities have different beliefs and observe this day according to their religious beliefs. Though the traditions of both the Sunni and Shia communities are the same and they observe fasting on this day. The Sunni Muslims observe the fasting for an additional day according to the teachings of Muhammad Prophet.

month of Muharram

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